5 famous buildings in Rome

The Eternal City has so much ancient history and famous buildings.

Rome is a beautiful city that attracts millions of travellers from all over, making it one of the most visited cities in the world. Rome is known for its history and ancient buildings that continue to attract travellers to visit.

1. Colosseum

The Colosseum is perhaps the most famous building in Rome. The Colosseum was once a giant amphitheatre that held gladiator battles up until the mid 5th century.

Today you can see the Colosseum and buy tickets to view the inside. To gain more insight into the Colosseum history, you can do a tour that has a tour guide.

2. Roman Forum

The Roman Forum is a large area that has ruins of what were once important buildings. When the Forum was active, it held public meetings, gladiator battles, law courts, markets, and more.
The Roman Forum is close to the Colosseum and sits between Palatine Hill and Capitoline Hill.

You must see the Basilica of Maxentius which was the biggest building in the Forum! One temple is worth checking out which is the Tempio di Saturno that held Rome’s money and treasure.

3. Pantheon

The Pantheon is a notable building in Rome that almost looks like an ancient Green Temple with 16 pillars at the front. As you walk inside, you’ll notice the incredible ancient Roman architecture and the large dome.

Inside the Pantheon is where Raphael, King Umberto I and Queen Margherita of Savoy are buried.


4. St. Peter’s Basilica

St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the most famous basilicas in the world! The basilica is in Vatican City, which is inside of Rome.

Visit St. Peter’s Basilica for free but be aware of the extremely long lines! If you go earlier in the morning, you will avoid the long queues.

You can climb the beautiful dome for a small fee, the dome that Michelangelo designed. The view from the dome is incredible as you overlook Vatican City and Rome.

5. Vittoriano

The Victor Emmanuel II National Monument is a beautiful large white marble building that looks over Piazza Venezia. The building was to honour Victor Emmanuel II who was the first king of unified Italy. The building took around 50 years to be built between the years 1885 to 1935.

Today the building often hosts major art exhibitions. If you go to the top of the building, you’ll get breathtaking views of the surrounding area.

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