What is the History of Papacy in Rome

The Papacy refers to the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church as a whole. The Pope is the Bishop of Rome, the official leader of the worldwide Catholic Church, as well as being the head of state of Vatican City. It is an honourable position, the word ‘Pope’ was derived from the Greek word pappas, meaning father.

Italy’s first Pope

The first pope was none other than St. Peter himself. Peter was one of Jesus’ twelve apostles listed in the Bible and was the rock on which Christ would build his church. Following Jesus rising from the dead, he asked Peter to care for the Church in his name. Peter was the first person to perform a miracle in the Lord’s name. He was appointed the first pope of Rome and was said to be one of the greatest missionaries in the religious antiquity.

The Downfall of the Papal States

The Papal States, also known as the Republic of Saint Peter, or the Church States, were run by the popes at the time. From 756 to 1870, they were in control of a large portion of Italy, including Rome. The downfall of the papal states was by the Kingdom of Italy. During the year 1861, all the papal territories joined the new kingdom of Italy, excluding Rome and its surrounds. The pope both refused to acknowledge the Kingdom of Italy as a country and retreated into Rome, under the protection of the French troops, who eventually redrew in 1870. Rome was then conquered, with the pope hiding inside the Vatican walls in protest. He continued to acknowledge the Kingdom of Italy as a rightful country as well as grumbling on how he was confined within the Vatican Walls by the Kingdom of Italy. Italy decided instead of forcing him out, they would simply wait until the Pope cracked, and accepted the reality, finally stepping out of the Vatican walls. However, this argument lasted sixty years, with multiple Popes accepting this self-imposed captivity. Finally, in 1929, the Prime Minister of Italy proposed an agreement. They agreed that the Vatican City could become its own country, controlled by the Pope. In the agreement, the Vatican City would be neutral to any political disagreements or war. This was the end of the Papal States and the birth of the Vatican City.

How you can see it today?

Due to its downfall, the papal states are no more. But visiting the Vatican City is your next best thing. Even if you are not religious, seeing the religious city’s traditions, decorations, and history is well worth the visit. You can even see the current pope in real life. Pope Francis is the current and 266th pope in rein. If you are travelling at the right time, why not join the general audience viewing? Hundreds of locals and tourists all attend, cheering as the Pope does prayers and blessings to the crowd. This is a great way to see the Italian culture up close and personal.

Explore our famous Rome Day Tour with Colosseum & Vatican today!

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