Who was Julius Caesar?

Julius Caesar was one of the most important leaders of Rome. He is famous for reforming the Roman calendar to the Julian calendar, as well as proclaiming the famous line “I came, I saw, I conquered.”

Julius Caesar

Caesar was a Roman politician and general, who was responsible for turning the Roman Republic into the powerful Roman Empire. He was born in the year 100 BC, growing up quickly by becoming head of the household after his father’s death when he was sixteen, and becoming a husband at seventeen. His career began in the army, where he became a military hero. He charmed both the people as well the powerful men in the Roman government. Which led to Caesar being elected as consul to the Roman Republic, which was the most powerful position at the time. After his year of power, he was selected to control four Roman legions, named the province of Gaul. However, Caesar soon wanted to become consul once more, as he became rivals with the leader Pompey. He ignored the Senate’s demand for him to give up with command of his Gaul army, and instead marched his army to Rome and taking control of the city in 49BC. He ruled like a king, becoming one of the most powerful rulers the Romans had seen up to this point.

How was Julius Caesar Killed?

Caesar was assassinated by the Senators on March 15, 44 BC. The reason for this revolt was due to Senate believing Caesar’s power was too great, which was slowly turning the Roman Republic into an empire. The plotters of the mutiny included Marcus Junius Brutus, Caesar’s second choice as heir, as well as Brutus, Caesar’s illegitimate son. With a group of over 60 men involved in the rebellion. It is said Caesar walked into the Senate, and was attacked, stabbed 23 times.

The Altar of Julius Caesar

After his death, Caesar’s body was washed and covered in perfume for the funeral, held a few days after his murder. The funeral brought a huge crowd to the Forum, much larger than expected. A large number of guards gathered around Caesar to protect his remains. His funeral fire went up in enormous flames, much larger than had been expected. This caused serious damage to the Forum. His cremated remains were then placed in his temple grave, which still remains to this day.

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