Why Did Rome Fall?

The Roman Empire is an ancient civilisation and one of history’s most legendary empires through the ages. It was a powerful civilisation that ruled for nearly 1000 years, controlling a large portion of Europe.

Rome first began in 753 BC, but the first of seven Roman kings, Romulus. Its change to a republic led to its expanse and subsequently the launch of the Roman Empire. In 27 BC, the first Roman Emperor was Augustus Caesar. The empire grew in success and land, at its peak spanning three continents including Asia, Africa, and most of Europe. Due to this large expanse making management a lot harder from the city Rome, the empire was split into two sections, an east, and a west.

Rome’s Success

The Romans were exceptionally advanced for their time. They were extraordinary engineers, developing undergrown sewage systems, using cement and concrete for their constructions, as well as building the finest road system the ancient world had ever seen. A large building still standing today is the famous Colosseum. This huge amphitheatre is within the heart of Rome, used in ancient times to hold sporting events such as the renowned Roman gladiator’s battles. Technology was flourishing, with the invention of the Julian calendar, state-of-the-art surgical tools and procedures, as well as the creation of bound books. A lot of these developments would not have been possible without Roman’s influence, as a lot of countries and realms remained unequal in advancement for centuries after.

Rome’s Downfall

So how did this legendary empire fall? There are many theorised reasons why this empire fell, but all evidence states it was not one event, but a series of issues which caused the collapse. The decline in the military is said to be the reason, as losses during the conflict by outside forces, particularly Barbarian attacks, diminished Rome’s military strength, leading the empire’s vulnerability. Government corruption and the political dispute is also said to cause the downfall. The contrast in wealth and power of the east and west empire caused the east side to become exposed to invaders. A conflict between the Emperor and the Senate also triggered issues. As well as major problems with the death and replacement of the Emperors. The financial decline is one of the other main theorised factors. Looting and slavery were said to support Rome’s economy, but with its halt, an increase in unemployment and government distributions arose. Religion also plays a part, as the rise of the new religion, Christianity, undermined the religious traditions of the empire. As the traditional religion saw the Emperor as a god, the new religion cause distrust and weaken its authority. All these issues cause a slow downfall of the Roman Empire, collapsing before 500.

You can see the remains of ancient Rome empire when you visit Rome today. Visit the famous Colosseum, one of Rome’s most popular attractions. Explore more of the ancient Rome when you visit the Roman Forum. The centre hub of the historic empire, the Roman Forum is jam-packed with ruins thousands of years old. Tour around this unparalleled archaeological region and enjoy learning about Rome’s past.

Check out our popular Ancient Rome and Colosseum Tour today!

Related article: Top Things to do in Rome.

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