What is so special about the Palatine Hill?

In the heart of Rome, Palatine Hill holds some of the most ancient parts of Roman history.

Right by the Colosseum and the Roman Forum, Palatine Hill is the oldest part of the city and is now a treasured archaeological site. Believed to have been inhabited since 1000 BC, Palatine Hill is considered the most important and famous of the seven hills of Rome.

Today, Palatine Hill is one of Rome’s most famous attractions, with thousands of people visiting yearly.

What was Palatine Hill?

Hundreds of years ago, Palatine Hill was mainly a residential area for the wealthy and leading citizens. These types of people lived in temples and huge homes, clearly showing off their wealth.

Home to many big names like Tiberius Gracchus and his sons and the family of emperor Augustus who all once lived here. Augustus was also born here and he was the first Roman emperor.

What can I see at Palatine Hill today?

Palatine Hill is mainly an open air museum with so much history you can see. If you’re short on time, ensure you check out these things while visiting the ancient area:

  • Casa Di Livia

The House of Livia is a small structure and is part of the House of Augustus. The House of Livia is a multi room structure that was once an extremely charming home where Livia, the wife of the emperor Augustus lived.

  • Hippodrome of Domitian

The Hippodrome of Domitian was Palatine Hill’s stadium and was the third part of Domitian’s palace. It is believed the stadium was used for private events, gladiatorial battles, and horse riding.

  • Mosaic Palace floors

Inside the Domus Augustana (House of Augustus), look down onto the beautiful mosaic floors. You’ll notice the yellow, purple, green, black, and white are marble and granite flooring, which was rare at the time.

  • Circus Maximus Balcony  

The Circus Maximus Balcony is part of the Temple of Apollo, where you overlook the area, with the very best view of Circus Maximus. The view alone from the balcony is worth the trip to the top of the hill. Don’t forget to also see the Temple of Apollo and continue exploring this ancient history.

Overall, Palatine Hill was an important part of history in ancient Rome and it continues to fascinate travellers today. You will want to spend around three to four hours exploring Palatine Hill along with the Colosseum and the Roman Forum!

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